This article includes comprehensive information on the causes of extinction of wildlife and how to conserve it. Each ecosystem on land and in water contains a variety of living things. While fish, some insects, and small plants dwell in the aquatic ecosystem, cattle, plants, trees, and other living things flourish in the terrestrial ecosystem.
When we talk about extinctions, we need to understand that it’s not just about the disappearance of a single specie but also the effects of its disappearance to the environment that it interacts with. It’s a broad topic. Concerned groups and governments are trying to save these endangered species through breeding and preserving their habitat – but these are all temporary solutions. What we need to do is to address the root causes of extinction of species
Causes of Extinction of Wildlife
The major causes of wildlife extinction are as follow:
Degradation of ecosystem
Each ecosystem on land and in water contains a variety of living things. As fish, some insects, and small plants dwell in the aquatic ecosystem, cattle, plants, trees, and other living things flourish in the terrestrial ecosystem. Forest fires, forest clearing, the use of herbicides and insecticides, and other factors have a negative impact on the terrestrial ecology. Explosions, as well as falling debris and soil during construction, harm aquatic ecosystems. As a result, both land-based and aquatic life is impacted.
There won’t be enough habitat for the living things because of the damaged ecology. Therefore, humans shouldn’t harm the ecosystem. We shouldn’t release dangerous substances directly into water sources, such as trash, insecticides, etc. When the ecology is preserved, it helps to protect the biodiversity.
Loss of habitat
Maintaining biodiversity depends heavily on habitat. Human activities like building projects, expanding agricultural operations, destroying forests, etc. have a negative impact on the natural habitat, the food chain, the climate, and the rate of animal reproduction. It is difficult for living things to multiply and complete their life cycles. Destroying the natural habitat while carrying out development, construction, and human activities is not a good idea. It’s important to rebuild the habitat that was destroyed.
Loss of Mobility
The decrease of animal and avian mobility is a result of the natural environment’s decline. The loss of forests, the increase of agricultural land, and urbanisation are the main factors contributing to the degradation of the environment. All of these things reduce the amount of room that animals and birds have to roam. Because of this, many animals and birds’ natural habitats have suffered. They have to remain within this defined space in this circumstance. So, if people wish to protect wildlife and birds, they shouldn’t harm the ecosystem. The arid, uncultivated terrain should be made as conducive as possible for wildlife and bird habitat.
Limitation of expansion of vegetation
The expansion of agricultural land is a result of population growth. Construction and development projects of many kinds are still ongoing. Similar to how settlement areas are growing, urbanisation is happening. The area of grazing land is shrinking. The forest, plants, herbs, etc. are all harmed by these actions. These negative effects are causing biodiversity to decline. People ought to plant trees around their homes, on either side of the street, and in bare fields. Lands used for pastures shouldn’t be harmed. For the cattle, the bare spot should be planted with grass. As a result, there will be more flora.
The trading of some natural resources, such as animal fur, bones, tusks, musk, or medicinal plants and orchids, led to the extinction of many wild creatures and plants. The overuse of products like cosmetics, fragrances, and decorative souvenirs in industrialised nations has led to an increase in the extinction of wild animals and flora in many of those nations.